Doing Court Marriage 2024 : Eligibility, Cons & permission

Court marriage is form of marriage which is happening under under the special marriage act 1954. It is formal, legal and valid form of marriage without participating in the rituals of any religion. Any caste, religion and community pair can get married in the court and under this act. In this article you are going to know about the | What is court marriage| Parents permission,| Adventages and conditions of court marriage| Required Documents

Under the act of 1954 any person of the country has a choice to choose any person to get married. The one of the main reason for this act to support the younger couples who are from different caste, religion and community for their marriage. This act gives all the legal rights to the loved couple of their choice.

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Adventages Of Court Marriages

  • Court marriage is best alternative for the saving the unwanted money, which was exipenditured on the Wedding in the name of religious wedding
  • it maintains both parties and secure from fraud activities
  • The scheme facilities are the one process of obtaining the password,bank account etc..,

Highlights Of Court Marriages

Passport size photoYes (2 copies)Yes (2 copies)Yes (1 copy)
Proof of date of birthYesYesNo
Proof of residenceYesYesNo
Proof of identityYesYesYes
Copy of notice of intended marriageYesYesNo
Copy of divorce order/death certificate (if applicable)YesYesNo
Copy of passport/visa/NOC/marital status certificate (if foreign national)Yes (if applicable)Yes (if applicable)No

Procedure for Court Marriage

follow the below steps carefully to get married successfully in court@ Official Website

Step:1 Intended Notice

Under this step one has to give notice to the marriage Officer. This notice has to be given befor 30 days of marriage and The notice should submitted with requirements and fee.

Step:2 Notice Publication

The officer will publish the notice in his office. The notice can invite any objections within 30 days of marriage day.

Step:3 Marriage Objections

if any one of the person violate the marriage under the section 4 of the act. If anyone have objection regarding to this marriage anyone from the pair can file a complaint. The officer will check up the complaint and he will decide it weather it has to be accept or not

Step 4: Marriage Solemonization

if any type of Objections are not received or may be the objections are cancelled. The officer Will Solemonize the marriage after the expiry date 30 days. The parties and three witnessed present in the Solemonization after the pair declares as being husband and wife after that marriage Officer will enter the details.

Step 5: Marriage Registration

The court marriage fees vary from state to state and depend on various factors such as the type of notice, the type of marriage, the type of certificate, etc. Generally, the court marriage fees range from Rs. 500 to Rs. 1000. The fees can be paid in cash or by demand draft in favour of the marriage officer.

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Why Choose Court Marriage?

Court marriage has many benefits, such as:

  • It is simple, quick, and hassle-free.
  • It does not require any social or family approval.
  • It saves money and time that would otherwise be spent on wedding arrangements.
  • It protects the rights and interests of both the partners.
  • It promotes inter-religious and inter-caste harmony.

Who Can Do Court Marriage?

Anyone who meets the following conditions can do court marriage in India:

  • The bride and the groom must not have a living spouse or a valid marriage with anyone else. If they were married before, they must be legally divorced or widowed.
  • The bride and the groom must be of sound mind and capable of giving valid consent to the marriage.
  • The bride and the groom must not suffer from any mental disorder or insanity that makes them unfit for marriage or having children.
  • The bride must be at least 18 years old and the groom must be at least 21 years old.
  • The bride and the groom must not be related to each other by blood or adoption within the degree of prohibited relationship.

What are the Documents Required for Court Marriage?

The bride and the groom need to submit the following documents along with their court marriage application form:

  • Separate affidavits stating their date of birth, marital status, and confirmation that they are not related to each other within the prohibited degree.
  • Passport-size photos of both the partners.
  • Proof of residence of both the partners, such as Aadhaar card, voter ID card, passport, etc.
  • Proof of date of birth of both the partners, such as birth certificate, matriculation certificate, passport, etc.
  • Copy of the notice of the intended marriage signed by both the partners.
  • Copy of the divorce decree or death certificate of the previous spouse, if applicable.
    The three witnesses also need to submit the following documents:
  • Passport-size photos of each witness.
  • Copy of PAN card of each witness.
  • Copy of identity proof of each witness, such as Aadhaar card, voter ID card, passport, etc.

What is the Fee for Court Marriage?

The fee for court marriage varies from state to state and from office to office. However,
the approximate fee for court marriage in India is as follows:

  • Fee for notice of intended marriage: Rs. 100
  • Fee for solemnisation
    of marriage: Rs. 500
  • Fee for registration
    of marriage: Rs. 100
  • Fee for court marriage certificate: Rs. 150

How Long Does Court Marriage Take?

The duration of court marriage depends on the availability of the marriage officer and the
processing of the documents. However, the minimum time required for court marriage in India is 30 days, which is the notice period. The maximum time can vary from a few weeks to a few months, depending on the workload of the office and the occurrence of any objections or delays.

What are the Benefits of Court Marriage Certificate?

The court marriage certificate is a legal document that proves that the couple is legally married. It has many benefits, such as:

  • It can be uses as a valid identity proof for both the partners.
  • It can be uses to apply for a passport, visa, PAN card, Aadhaar card, etc.
  • It can be uses to claim various rights and benefits under various laws and schemes, such as inheritance, property, maintenance, alimony, etc.
  • It can be uses to change the name or surname of either of the partners after marriage.
  • It can be uses to register the birth of their children and obtain their birth certificates.


Court marriage is a simple and legal way of getting married in India. Does not require any religious ceremonies or social approval. It only requires some documents, fees, and witnesses. It also provides many benefits and rights to both the partners. Court marriage can be done offline or online, depending on the availability of services in different states.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q .What is a court marriage?

A .A marriage solemnised by a marriage officer under the Special Marriage Act, 1954.

Q . What are the conditions for a court marriage?

A .Both parties must be of legal age, sound mind, consent, and not related by blood or marriage.

Q .What are the documents which are requires for a court marriage?

A .Affidavits, photos, identity proofs, residential proofs, and proof of marital status (if applicable) of both parties and witnesses.

Q .What is the procedure for a court marriage?

A .Submit notice of intended marriage, wait for 30 days, appear before marriage officer with witnesses, sign declaration and certificate.

Q .What is the fee for a court marriage?

A .The fee varies from state to state, but generally ranges from Rs.500 to Rs.1000.

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